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7. What International Agreement Outlines The Requirements For The Protection Of Human Rights

7. What International Agreement Outlines The Requirements For The Protection Of Human Rights

There are seven international human rights treaties. Each of these treaties has established a committee of experts to monitor the implementation of the treaty provisions by its states parties. Some of the treaties are supplemented by optional protocols dealing with specific issues. The African Charter of Human and Peoples` Rights is the main human rights instrument in the region, created under the auspices of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) (now replaced by the African Union). The intention to draft the African Charter of Human and Peoples` Rights was announced in 1979. The charter was unanimously adopted at the OAU meeting in 1981. It has inspired more than 80 international conventions and treaties, as well as numerous regional conventions and national laws. Based on the achievements of the UDDH, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, it came into force in 1976. Both alliances have developed most of the rights already enshrined in the UDHR, effectively linking them to the states that have ratified them. They define everyday rights such as the right to life, equality before the law, freedom of expression, the right to work, social security and education.

Together with the UDHR, alliances form the international law on human rights. In practice, many human rights are legally difficult to enforce in the absence of a consensus on the application of certain rights, in the absence of national legislation or a body empowered to take legal action to enforce them. [40] In 2006, the UN Commission on Human Rights was replaced by the UN Human Rights Council, which is responsible for enforcing international human rights. The amendments predict a more structured organization, accompanied by a request for a review of human rights cases every four years. The United Nations Goal 10 also aims to promote legislation and policies to reduce inequality. [4] International human rights law (IHR) is an international law for the promotion of human rights at the social, regional and national levels. As a form of international law, international human rights law consists mainly of treaties, agreements between sovereign states, which would have binding legal value between the parties who approved them; and common law.

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