The Paris Agreement reaffirms the obligations of industrialized countries to the UNFCCC; the COP`s decision attached to the agreement extends the target of $100 billion per year until 2025 and calls for a new target that, in addition, «extends over $100 billion a year.» The agreement also broadens the donor base beyond developed countries by encouraging other countries to provide «voluntary» support. China, for example, pledged $3 billion in 2015 to help other developing countries. Maintaining the agreement could also be serious obstacles for the United States when we begin to implement the restrictions on the abundant energy reserves of the United States, which we have very strongly initiated. It would have been unthinkable if an international agreement could have prevented the United States from conducting its own internal economic affairs, but that is the new reality we face if we do not leave the agreement or negotiate a much better deal. The government could send a strong signal at the start of the new year by declaring its commitment to carbon neutrality by 2050 and promising to formally submit a new NDC as soon as it is able to do so. (In the meantime, to meet the technical requirements of the NDC agreement, it could provide a substitute or provisional NDC, such as reintroducing the Obama administration`s 2025 target. Ideally, it would then be able to provide an ambitious and credible NDC in time for COP 26 late for December 2021 in Glasgow. Adaptation – the measures to be taken to deal with the effects of climate change – is much more important under the Paris Agreement than it has done so far under the UNFCCC. As well as the parties will make contributions to the reduction, the Agreement requires all parties to plan and implement adjustment efforts «where appropriate» and encourages all parties to report on their adjustment efforts and/or needs. The agreement also provides for a review of progress in adaptation and the adequacy and effectiveness of adjustment support in the overall inventory that will be completed every five years.
21 diciembre, 2020